China Experimental Fast Reactor (CEFR)
The China Experimental Fast Reactor (CEFR) is the first Fast Reactor built
in China with 65MW thermal power and 20MW experimental generation power, and
its building area is 44000m2, including 16 sub-items. Reactor core pool type
structure and Sodium-Sodium-Water circuit heat removal system is applied for
the first furnace, and UO2 is adopted for initial fuel.
The fast reactor system have a fast neutron spectrum, with the resulting
benefit of enhancing the utilization of uranium resources （utilization ratio
up to 60% from 1% of PWR）through breeding and fuel cycle. And the fast
reactor system can transmute the long life fission products and consume
transuranics with a closed fuel cycle, thus reducing the radiotoxicity and
heat load which facilitates waste disposal and geologic isolation. To sum
up, the fast reactor system can solve the problems of sustainable
development in our country, and this system is also the main choice of
Gen-IV in the world.
The CEFR is one of the key projects of National High Technology Research and
Development Program of China (863 program). Significant Progress has been
made since the project implemented and the key phased goals are as follows:
December, 1995, the CEFR project officially approved.
May, 2000, the first tank of concrete poured.
March, 2001, the construction of nuclear island plant started.
August, 2002, the main nuclear island plant completed and erection
construction comprehensively launched.
December, 2003, the reactor hall crane commission and operation started.
September, 2004, the first furnace nuclear fuels arrived and preserved in
March, 2005, steam generators hoisted in position.
May, 2005, installation construction of the nuclear island ventilation
circuit system completed.
August, 2005, the first batch of Reactor Vessel assembly arrived and site
September, 2005, system debugging of nuclear island started.
June, 2006, verification experiment of the main vessel completed.
September, 2006, erection and construction of Primary Coolant System of
secondary loop started.
June, 2007, installation construction of Reactor Vessel and in-Reactor
July, 2007, the main control room put into use.
March, 2008, Rotating Plug successfully installed.
May, 2008, Nuclear Grade Sodium entered into site.
July, 2008, installation of nuclear transport chamber completed.
July, 2010, first criticality achieved.
The China Experimental Fast Reactor made the first step in Fast Reactor
technology development of china, the purpose is establishing equipments,
making experiments, mastering techniques, and cultivating talents..