The year of 2001 is the first year of implementing the 10th five-year plan. New progress and achievements are obtained in constructing China experimental fast reactor and China advanced research reactor and in making proposals for Beijing tandem accelerator upgrading project and radio chemistry reprocessing laboratory project. The scientific research projects set in the 9th five-year plan period are all checked and accepted. The 10th five-year scientific research plan is well put into effect. Significant progress is achieved in industrization and enterprisation of the nuclear application technology. All kinds of tasks are fulfilled in 2001, and this is a good start for the 10th five-year plan.
A total of more than 100 projects undertaken in 2001 are progressing successfully. One 1st grad, two 2nd grad and nine 3rd grad prizes of the National Defense Science & Technology Progress are awarded. Prof. Ding Dazhao, the member of Chinese Academy of Sciences, wins the He-Liang and He-Li Science & Technology Progress Prize. A number of the 9th five-year key projects, such as nuclear data, excimer laser etc, are commended. Total amount of funds obtained from National Science Foundation of China takes the 14th place among the institutions in China.
The institute acquires the certification of the ISO9001 quality system.
497 foreign visitors from more than 30 countries and regions are received for academic exchange or trade negotiation in 2001. A total of 277 professionals are sent abroad for scientific visits, international conferences and advanced training. Four agreements or memorandums on scientific and technical cooperation are signed with the foreign institutes and laboratories. Five IAEA international symposiums and training courses are sponsored.
This Annual Report briefs the institute’s major progress in scientific research and production in 2001.
Gigantic Nuclear Scientific Projects
The China advanced research reactor (CARR) project is carried on smoothly as scheduled. The digging starts formally on September 27, 2000. Preparations for pouring concrete in 2002 are proceeding in a full scale.
The China experimental fast reactor (CEFR) project gains new achievements. The construction of the nuclear island building begins on March 15, 2001, and the building wall of 16.8 meters above the foundation plate is erected according to the goal of the second network chart. This is the symbolic height of the CEFR construction in 2001.
Pre-researches are conducted for the Beijing tandem accelerator upgrading project and the radiochemistry reprocessing laboratory project, and remarkable progress is made in presenting the proposals for them.
Nuclear Energy Research and Development
The in-pile instantaneous behavior test is accomplished successfully for the first time in China. Achievements are gained in the proposal making and demonstrations for the research projects of the active-service nuclear power plant application technology, the MOX fuel assembly technology, the radiation protection and safety techniques of nuclear power plants, and the high-performance fuel assembly. The spent fuel reprocessing of nuclear power reactors is investigated smoothly.
Hi-Tech and Fundamental Research
Researches of the high power excimer laser and the laser beam-target interaction achieve new progress in the study of the ultra high-power and ultra short-wave laser amplification, and the obtained experimental results arrive at the international advanced level.
The manufacture of the 600 kV, ns-pulsed neutron generator is fully completed, and the major indexes reach the international advanced level of its kind.
The irradiation facility of heavy ion micro-beam with a pinhole collimator is established for the first time in the mainland of China.
The institute actively participates in the major international collaboration of ALICE for which the large area photo-diode is developed. The main indexes of diodes are determined by CERN and attain the international advanced level.
The world-first set up of on-line time differential perturbed angular correlation is developed at the 2×1.7 MV tandem, and the electric quadrupole interaction of 19F in Cd is measured by it.
The research of physical and technological foundation for accelerator driven clean nuclear energy system that is the project of the state key development program of fundamental research, the studies of radioactive nuclear beam physics and nuclear astrophysics etc are proceeding efficiently. More than 30 papers are published and half of them are adopted by SCI.
Nuclear chemistry observes smooth progress. The dispense ratio determination of podand-amido on Np, Tc and Zr is studied, the methods for the measurement of podand-amido by gas chromatograph and for the separation of ultra-trace Np are established.
New progress and achievements are made in the fundamental researches of nuclear safety and radiation protection technology, information technology, computer application technique and radio-metrology technique and in the studies of science and technology information, quality control, metrology and standardization.
Research and Development of Nuclear Technique Application
Beijing Atom Hi-Tech Nuclear Technique Application Co., Ltd., which is based on the accelerator and radiation technique related industries, is registered and inaugurated. Reorganization and system reform of isotope related industries are in progress. System reform of zirconium oxide laboratory is under way towards the semi-enterprise mode.
A new 60Co γ-ray container inspection system is jointly developed and exported. The supply contract of the 2 MeV self-shielded electron beam facilities for mail sterilization and disinfection is signed. The GMP isotope modification project is going on smoothly. The sealed seed sources of 125I etc and the 103Pd frame are developed successfully. Research and development of radiation technique, nuclear medicine and non-pollution chemical industry witness considerable progress.
Operation of Scientific Research Facilities
The heavy water research reactor operates safely for 3 340 hours. The swimming pool reactor, zero-power facility, miniature neutron source reactor, radioactive wastes disposal facilities, isotope production lines, cobalt source and accelerators operate safely. The HI-13 tandem accelerator provides a total of 3 300 h beam time and 15 kinds of beams for more than 30 users of physics experiments and irradiations. The routine monitoring of environmental radioactivity is going on normally.
Editor in chief